A magnetic octupole filter set in a [Formula Presented] curve produces [Formula Presented] cold Rb atoms/s by filtering low-velocity particles from a thermal source. We measure the speed distribution of Rb exiting the filter to be 3.5 K using a Rydberg-atom time-of-flight scheme in which Rb is excited via the process [Formula Presented] We develop a general theory of the transmission and speed distribution of particles emitted from such a source including nonadiabatic effects. A detailed Monte Carlo simulation using the theory accurately reproduces the experimental results. We show that for Cs, Li, and Rb atoms and [Formula Presented] molecules, nonadiabatic effects do not dramatically effect the performance of the filter, and that the output flux temperatures for a wide variety of filter configurations are well fit to a simple functional form.
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2003|