Measurements of immature platelet fraction and inflammatory markers in atrial fibrillation patients - Does persistency or ablation affect results?

Olga Perelshtein Brezinov, Ziv Sevylia, Michael Rahkovich, Yana Kakzanov, Ella Yahud, Lior Fortis, Yonatan Kogan, Elad Asher, Eli Lev, Avishag Laish-Farkash

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with platelet hyperactivity and a higher proportion of immature platelets. We aimed to examine whether immature platelet fraction (IPF) and inflammatory markers differ between AF types and whether they are affected by ablation. Methods: A prospective study included patients with atrial fibrillation/flutter (AFL). We excluded patients with hematologic, inflammatory, or acute coronary states. Blood samples for IPF, white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were collected at baseline, within one-hour postablation in those undergoing ablations, and the day after ablation. IPF was measured by an autoanalyzer (Sysmex 2100 XE). Results: One hundred and four patients were included (paroxysmal AF-63, persistent AF-36, AF and AFL-7, AFL alone-5), (Mean age 67.7 ± 12.8 years, 54.8% male, CHA2D2-VASC2 3.2 ± 1.8). Seventy-two patients underwent ablation (cryoballoon AF ablation-60, AFL radiofrequency ablation-5, both-7). There was no difference between paroxysmal and persistent AF regarding baseline markers. There was a significant change in the following parameters after ablation: WBC (baseline 6.9 ± 2.0, 1-h post 8.0 ± 2.4, and 1-day post 9.0 ± 2.8 ×109/L), NLR (2.9 ± 2.2, 3.0 ± 2.4, 4.2 ± 2.9, respectively), and CRP (3.6 ± 3.7, 3.6 ± 3.5, 12.4 ± 9.0 mg/L, respectively) (P <.05 for all). However, there were no differences in immature platelet count (8.6 ± 4.8, 8.5 ± 4.9, 8.4 ± 5.2 ×109/L) or IPF (4.6 ± 3.2, 4.7 ± 3.3, 4.9 ± 3.6%) from baseline to postablation (p = NS). Conclusions: AF persistency does not affect IPF and inflammation. In patients undergoing cryoablation of AF, there is a postablation inflammatory process; however, platelet activation is probably not affected.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)602-608
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
    Volume43
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Aug 2021

    Keywords

    • atrial fibrillation
    • cryoballoon ablation
    • immature platelet fraction
    • inflammation
    • pulmonary vein isolation
    • thrombosis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Hematology
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Biochemistry, medical

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