Measuring Adult Children’s Perceptions of Their Parents’ Acceptance and Rejection of Their Sexual Orientation: Initial Development of the Parental Acceptance and Rejection of Sexual Orientation Scale (PARSOS)

Ella Lubeznov Kibrik, Nitzan Cohen, Dana Stolowicz-Melman, Ayelet Levy, Rotem Boruchovitz-Zamir, Gary M. Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Parental Acceptance and Rejection of Sexual Orientation Scale was administered to 256 self-identified lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer adults who had been out of the closet to their parents for at least 1 year. Principal component analysis revealed a clear two-component solution: parental acceptance and parental rejection. Findings showed that perceived maternal sexual orientation-specific acceptance was higher, and perceived maternal sexual orientation-specific rejection was lower, for gay/bisexual sons compared to their lesbian/bisexual daughters. Results of regression analyses suggest that both perceived sexual orientation specific acceptance and rejection predicted adult children’s psychological symptoms after accounting for perceived global parental acceptance and rejection and the child’s gender. The scale’s utility for research and practice are noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1513-1534
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Volume66
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • LGBT
  • parent rejection
  • parental acceptance
  • sexual orientaion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • General Psychology

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