Mechanical model for the simulation of ischaemia and infarction of the left ventricle

M. Perl, A. Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several ischaemic states, including immediate infarction, occurring in a canine left ventricle at the onset of the ejection phase and affecting regions of varying sizes are simulated, employing a recently developed comprehensive finite-element model. The analysis assumes an instantaneous partial or complete loss of contractility in the damaged region, whereas the passive mechanical properties of the tissue are yet unaltered. The results indicate a progressive deterioration of the cardiac performance, as well as considerable geometrical changes in the kinematics of the whole ventricle, directly related to both ischaemia level and the ischaemic region size. Owing to the reduction in the stroke volume, the simulation predicts a degradation of up to 33 per cent in the ejection fraction for an infarct affecting 43 per cent of the ventricular wall volume. A quantitative relationship between the ejection fraction, the level of ischaemia and the size of the ischaemic zone is derived and presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-288
Number of pages5
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 1987
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Finite-element model
  • Infarction
  • Ischaemia
  • Left ventricle mechanics
  • Mechanical simulation

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