Mechanical properties of Al2O3\Ti composites fabricated by spark plasma sintering

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47 Scopus citations


Al2O3\Ti composites presenting a range of metal to ceramic ratios were fabricated using SPS technology and subsequently characterized. A titanium hydride that decomposes in the 600-700 °C temperate range was used as the source of Ti. The composite densification process was initiated at 825 °C, and reached a maximum densification rate at 1150 °C. Microstructural analysis revealed the homogenous distribution of sub-micron-sized Al2O3 grains and micron-sized Ti grains. Thus, the fine microstructure of the composites provided improvements in hardness, Youngs moduli and flexure strengths. The composites displayed lower resistance to fracture than did pure alumina, with cracks largely propagating around the alumina grains, which indicates that the ceramic-metal interface is weak. Finally, the formation of a Ti-Al-O solid solution at the metal/ceramic interface was detected by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4637-4643
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015


  • AlO\Ti composites
  • Cermet
  • Homogeneous
  • Micron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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