Mechanical tuning of conductance and thermopower in helicene molecular junctions

Jaroslav Vacek, Jana Vacek Chocholoušová, Irena G. Stará, Ivo Starý, Yonatan Dubi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Helicenes are inherently chiral polyaromatic molecules composed of all-ortho fused benzene rings possessing a spring-like structure. Here, using a combination of density functional theory and tight-binding calculations, it is demonstrated that controlling the length of the helicene molecule by mechanically stretching or compressing the molecular junction can dramatically change the electronic properties of the helicene, leading to a tunable switching behavior of the conductance and thermopower of the junction with on/off ratios of several orders of magnitude. Furthermore, control over the helicene length and number of rings is shown to lead to more than an order of magnitude increase in the thermopower and thermoelectric figure-of-merit over typical molecular junctions, presenting new possibilities of making efficient thermoelectric molecular devices. The physical origin of the strong dependence of the transport properties of the junction is investigated, and found to be related to a shift in the position of the molecular orbitals. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8793-8802
Number of pages10
JournalNanoscale
Volume7
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 May 2015

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