Mechanism of the catalytic hydrogen production by gold sols. H/D isotope effect studies

Kenneth Kopple, Dan Meyerstein, Dan Meisel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The H/D isotope effect on the catalytic production of hydrogen from water using either Cr2+ or (CH3)2COH radicals as reductants was studied. The catalysts used were gold sols stabilized by either citrate or poly(vinyl sulfate). Similar isotope effects (in the range of 5-6.7) were measured for the various reductants and stabilizers. Comparison of this isotope effect to the one measured for the production of hydrogen on gold cathodes leads to the conclusion that similar mechanisms operate in all three systems. It was also observed that hydrogen abstraction from the relatively stable supports, when adsorbed on the colloid, occurs. This leads to the conclusion that hydrogen atoms adsorbed on the particles can either proceed to produced hydrogen molecules by the catalytic reaction or react via other competing pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-875
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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