Hundreds of heritable traits and diseases that are caused by germline aberrations in ubiquitously expressed genes manifest in a remarkably limited number of cell types and tissues across the body. Unravelling mechanisms that govern their tissue-specific manifestations is critical for our understanding of disease aetiologies and may direct efforts to develop treatments. Owing to recent advances in high-throughput technologies and open resources, data and tools are now available to approach this enigmatic phenomenon at large scales, both computationally and experimentally. Here, we discuss the large prevalence of tissue-selective traits and diseases, describe common molecular mechanisms underlying their tissue-selective manifestation and present computational strategies and publicly available resources for elucidating the molecular basis of their genotype–phenotype relationships.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology