Meconium-stained amniotic fluid exposure is associated with a lower incidence of offspring long-term infectious morbidity

Dorit Paz Levy, Asnat Walfisch, Tamar Wainstock, Ruslan Sergienko, Dvora Kluwgant, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is a well-established risk factor for immediate adverse neonatal outcomes and was recently suggested to be associated with microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity. We aimed to determine whether MSAF exposure during labor carries a longer lasting impact on pediatric infectious morbidity. Study design: A population-based cohort analysis was performed including all singleton deliveries occurring between 1991 and 2014 at a single tertiary medical center. Exposure was defined as the presence of MSAF during labor. Hospitalizations of the offspring up to the age of 18 years involving infectious diseases were evaluated. A Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare cumulative morbidity and a Cox regression model to control for confounders. Results: During the study period, 243 725 deliveries met the inclusion criteria. Of them, 35 897 (14.7%) involved MSAF. Rate of infectious-related hospitalizations of the offspring was significantly lower in children exposed to MSAF as compared with the unexposed group (10.8% vs 11.1%, P < 0.05). Specifically, hospitalizations involving respiratory infections were significantly less common among the MSAF group (5.1% vs 5.6%, P < 0.001). The survival curve demonstrated significantly lower cumulative total infectious morbidity rates in the MSAF-exposed group (log rank P < 0.001). In the Cox model, controlled for maternal age, diabetes, hypertension, mode of delivery, and gestational age, exposed children exhibited lower rates of long-term childhood infectious morbidity (adjusted HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Fetal exposure to MSAF during labor and delivery appears to be associated with lower rates of long-term infectious-related hospitalizations in the offspring.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13108
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • follow up
  • immune maturation
  • microbiom
  • pediatric morbidity
  • respiratory infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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