Medicinal Properties of Anchusa strigosa and Its Active Compounds

Ludmila Yarmolinsky, Arie Budovsky, Boris Khalfin, Leonid Yarmolinsky, Shimon Ben-Shabat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Anchusa strigosa is a widespread weed in Greece, Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, and Iran. The purpose of this study was to identify the phytochemicals of Anchusa strigose and estimate the pro-wound healing (pro-WH) and antimicrobial activities of its active compounds. An identification of volatile compounds was performed by GC/MS analysis; HPLC, LC-ESI-MS, and MALDI-TOF-MS were also applied. Our results demonstrate that two specific combinations of compounds from A. strigosa extract significantly enhanced WH (p < 0.001). Several flavonoids of the plant extract, including quercetin 3-O-rutinoside, kaempferol, kaempferol 3-O-β-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)-β-glucopyranoside, and kaempferol 3-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)-β-galactopyranoside, were effective against drug-resistant microorganisms. In addition, all the above-mentioned compounds had antibiofilm activity against Escherichia coli and Salmonella enteritidis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8239
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • Anchusa strigosa
  • anti-microbial compounds
  • wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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