Metabolic and physiological responses of shiraz and cabernet sauvignon (Vitis vinifera L.) to near optimal temperatures of 25 and 35 °C

Uri Hochberg, Albert Batushansky, Asfaw Degu, Shimon Rachmilevitch, Aaron Fait

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon (Cs) grapevines were grown at near optimal temperatures (25 or 35 °C). Gas exchange, fluorescence, metabolic profiling and correlation based network analysis were used to characterize leaf physiology. When grown at 25 °C, the growth rate and photosynthesis of both cultivars were similar. At 35 °C Shiraz showed increased respiration, non-photochemical quenching and reductions of photosynthesis and growth. In contrast, Cs maintained relatively stable photosynthetic activity and growth regardless of the condition. In both cultivars, growth at 35 °C resulted in accumulations of secondary sugars (raffinose, fucose and ribulose) and reduction of primary sugars concentration (glucose, fructose and sucrose), more noticeably in Shiraz than Cs. In spite of similar patterns of metabolic changes in response to growth at 35 °C, significant differences in important leaf antioxidants and antioxidant precursors (DHA/ascorbate, quinates, cathechins) characterized the cultivar response. Correlation analysis reinforced Shiraz sensitivity to the 35 °C, showing higher number of newly formed edges at 35 °C and higher modularity in Shiraz as compared to Cs. The results suggest that the optimal growth temperatures of grapevines are cultivar dependent, and allow a first insight into the variability of the metabolic responses of grapevines under varied temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24276-24294
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Grapevine
  • Heat
  • Metabolism
  • Metabolite profiling
  • Network analysis
  • Plant physiology
  • Temperature
  • Vitis vinifera

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