Metal-free phosphorus-doped ZnIn2S4 nanosheets for enhanced photocatalytic CO2 reduction

Jiani Qin, Qi Zhao, Yanli Zhao, Yu Wu, Bao Pan, Chuanyi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


ZnIn2S4 (ZIS) has shown great potential in photocatalytic solar-energy conversion. However, it is still suffering from severe charge recombination and poor surface area. Nonmetal heteroatom doping is considered as an effective strategy for improving its photocatalytic performance. Herein, phosphorus-doped ZIS (P-ZIS) nanosheets were prepared by a simple hydrothermal treatment of ZIS using NaH2PO4 as a precursor. The effect of P doping on the crystal structure, band structure, and the photocatalytic CO2 reduction activity of ZIS under visible light were investigated. It was found that P doping in the lattice of ZIS plays a key role in tuning its electronic properties. The ratio of ZIS to NaH2PO4 influences the photocatalytic performance of P-ZIS, and the optimum ratio is 1:15. Optimized P-ZIS exhibits a remarkable visible-light photocatalytic CO production rate of 18.8 μmol/30 min, 2.5-folds higher than that of the pure ZIS. The ultrathin nanosheets feature and an upward shift of CB edge result in the enhancement of CO2 photoreduction efficiency of P-ZIS. This work demonstrates a simple route for P doping in ZIS and provides guidance for the controllable design and synthesis of high-efficient photocatalysts by nonmetal heteroatom doping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23813-23820
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number43
StatePublished - 4 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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