Method of addition of acetonitrile influences the structure and stability of collagen

Ganesh Shanmugam, Samala Murali Mohan Reddy, Balaraman Madhan, Jonnalagadda Raghava Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Collagen has been extensively used as a biomaterial in many biomedical applications. Recently, collagen based biomaterials were prepared using organic solvents. In this context, the method of addition of organic solvent described in the present study will be an important contribution in the preparation of collagen-based biomaterials. The effect of acetonitrile on collagen structure and stability was investigated using biophysical methods. Collagen undergoes solvent-induced denaturation with increasing concentration of acetonitrile. It was observed that addition of acetonitrile (50-90%) to a collagen solution in a single shot (method 1) led to precipitation. Contrary, collagen remained in the solution when acetonitrile content was increased to 90% in a collagen solution that had been formerly equilibrated with 20% acetonitrile (method 2). Interestingly, triple helical structure was retained when precipitated collagen, obtained from method 1, was re-dissolved in acetic acid solution. The re-dissolved collagen exhibits comparable melting temperature as that of native collagen. Re-dissolved collagen also showed fibril formation, but with decreased rate. The soluble collagen in 90% acetonitrile, prepared by method 2, is found to be unordered. The above results thus suggest that the method of addition of acetonitrile plays an important role in the folding and unfolding of collagen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Acetonitrile
  • Circular dichroism
  • Collagen
  • Denaturation
  • Triple helix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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