Miḥna as Self-Defense

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Modern studies of the miḥna have focused on al-Ma’mun’s claim to spiritual authority. Basing itself on Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s interrogations and al-Ma’mun’s
miḥna letters, this study focuses on a different aspect, the clash between the
muḥaddithūn and the mutakallimūnץ Decades before the miḥna erupted these trends debated several religious issues, primarily, whether theological speculations could attain the authoritative status of tenets of faith. Due to this controversy the muḥaddithūn denied the mutakallimūn the status of reliable scholars of hadith and law. The miḥna was a reaction to the muḥaddithūn’s hounding of the mutakallimūn. It was initiated by al-Ma’mun, who decided to interrogate all jurists and scholars of hadith about the createdness of the Qur’ān. The purpose of this policy was to degrade the muḥaddithūn and to raise the
mutakallimūn to the position of intellectual and religious leadership.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-111
Number of pages19
JournalStudia Islamica
Volume92
Issue number92
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Miḥna as Self-Defense'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this