Microbiomics for enhancing electron transfer in an electrochemical system

Ayush Singha Roy, Aparna Sharma, Bhim Sen Thapa, Soumya Pandit, Dibyajit Lahiri, Moupriya Nag, Tanmay Sarkar, Siddhartha Pati, Rina Rani Ray, Mohammad Ali Shariati, Polrat Wilairatana, Mohammad S. Mubarak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In microbial electrochemical systems, microorganisms catalyze chemical reactions converting chemical energy present in organic and inorganic molecules into electrical energy. The concept of microbial electrochemistry has been gaining tremendous attention for the past two decades, mainly due to its numerous applications. This technology offers a wide range of applications in areas such as the environment, industries, and sensors. The biocatalysts governing the reactions could be cell secretion, cell component, or a whole cell. The electroactive bacteria can interact with insoluble materials such as electrodes for exchanging electrons through colonization and biofilm formation. Though biofilm formation is one of the major modes for extracellular electron transfer with the electrode, there are other few mechanisms through which the process can occur. Apart from biofilm formation electron exchange can take place through flavins, cytochromes, cell surface appendages, and other metabolites. The present article targets the various mechanisms of electron exchange for microbiome-induced electron transfer activity, proteins, and secretory molecules involved in the electron transfer. This review also focuses on various proteomics and genetics strategies implemented and developed to enhance the exo-electron transfer process in electroactive bacteria. Recent progress and reports on synthetic biology and genetic engineering in exploring the direct and indirect electron transfer phenomenon have also been emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Article number868220
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
StatePublished - 29 Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • biofilm
  • electroactive bacteria
  • genetic engineering
  • microbial electrochemistry
  • quorum sensing
  • synthetic biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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