Microwave spectro-polarimetry of matter and radiation across space and time

Jacques Delabrouille, Maximilian H. Abitbol, Nabila Aghanim, Yacine Ali-Haïmoud, David Alonso, Marcelo Alvarez, Anthony J. Banday, James G. Bartlett, Jochem Baselmans, Kaustuv Basu, Nicholas Battaglia, José Ramón Bermejo Climent, José L. Bernal, Matthieu Béthermin, Boris Bolliet, Matteo Bonato, François R. Bouchet, Patrick C. Breysse, Carlo Burigana, Zhen Yi CaiJens Chluba, Eugene Churazov, Helmut Dannerbauer, Paolo De Bernardis, Gianfranco De Zotti, Eleonora Di Valentino, Emanuela Dimastrogiovanni, Akira Endo, Jens Erler, Simone Ferraro, Fabio Finelli, Dale Fixsen, Shaul Hanany, Luke Hart, Carlos Hernández-Monteagudo, J. Colin Hill, Selim C. Hotinli, Kenichi Karatsu, Kirit Karkare, Garrett K. Keating, Ildar Khabibullin, Alan Kogut, Kazunori Kohri, Ely D. Kovetz, Guilaine Lagache, Julien Lesgourgues, Mathew Madhavacheril, Bruno Maffei, Nazzareno Mandolesi, Carlos Martins, Silvia Masi, John Mather, Jean Baptiste Melin, Azadeh Moradinezhad Dizgah, Tony Mroczkowski, Suvodip Mukherjee, Daisuke Nagai, Mattia Negrello, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Daniela Paoletti, Subodh P. Patil, Francesco Piacentini, Srinivasan Raghunathan, Andrea Ravenni, Mathieu Remazeilles, Vincent Revéret, Louis Rodriguez, Aditya Rotti, Jose Alberto Rubiño Martin, Jack Sayers, Douglas Scott, Joseph Silk, Marta Silva, Tarun Souradeep, Naonori Sugiyama, Rashid Sunyaev, Eric R. Switzer, Andrea Tartari, Tiziana Trombetti, Íñigo Zubeldia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This paper discusses the science case for a sensitive spectro-polarimetric survey of the microwave sky. Such a survey would provide a tomographic and dynamic census of the three-dimensional distribution of hot gas, velocity flows, early metals, dust, and mass distribution in the entire Hubble volume, exploit CMB temperature and polarisation anisotropies down to fundamental limits, and track energy injection and absorption into the radiation background across cosmic times by measuring spectral distortions of the CMB blackbody emission. In addition to its exceptional capability for cosmology and fundamental physics, such a survey would provide an unprecedented view of microwave emissions at sub-arcminute to few-arcminute angular resolution in hundreds of frequency channels, a data set that would be of immense legacy value for many branches of astrophysics. We propose that this survey be carried out with a large space mission featuring a broad-band polarised imager and a moderate resolution spectro-imager at the focus of a 3.5 m aperture telescope actively cooled to about 8K, complemented with absolutely-calibrated Fourier Transform Spectrometer modules observing at degree-scale angular resolution in the 10–2000 GHz frequency range. We propose two observing modes: a survey mode to map the entire sky as well as a few selected wide fields, and an observatory mode for deeper observations of regions of specific interest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1471-1514
Number of pages44
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2021


  • Cosmology
  • Early Universe
  • Galaxies
  • Galaxy clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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