Middle East desert aerosol size distribution measurements and modeling in urban, coastal, and continental regions

S. Bendersky, N. Kopeika, N. Blaunstein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Various experiments have been carried out recently in Middle East desert regions for prediction of aerosol particle concentration and size distribution. The differences between urban and non-urban desert coastal environments, and urban and non-urban desert continental environments, are of interest. During these experiments aerosol particle concentrations for similar weather but different environmental conditions were measured and analyzed. The well-known MODTRAN urban, desert, maritime, and continental aerosol models were tested for aerosol particle distribution prediction. Unfortunately, many of those models did not predict correctly the aerosol distributions in different types of arid environments. Comparison of results leads to the following interesting conclusions: the aerosol distribution for each of our environments, such as urban-coastal-desert, non-urban-coastal-desert, urban-continental-desert, and non-urbancontinental-desert, can be predicted by multiplying the Mediterranean coastal aerosol model parameters with semiempirical correction functions or factors. The functions are different for coastal and continental environments, and for urban and non-urban environments. The models proposed in this work better describe effects of different atmospheric conditions for Middle East desert aerosol modeling.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectro-Optical and Infrared Systems
Subtitle of host publicationTechnology and Applications III
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Print)0819464937, 9780819464934
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2006
EventElectro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications III - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 13 Sep 200614 Sep 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6395
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceElectro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications III
Country/TerritorySweden
CityStockholm
Period13/09/0614/09/06

Keywords

  • Aerosol distribution modeling
  • Aerosol particle concentrations
  • Desert aerosol models
  • MODTRAN

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