Minimally invasive options for salivary calculi

Robert L. Witt, Heinrich Iro, Michael Koch, Mark McGurk, Oded Nahlieli, Johannes Zenk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to review the advantages, limitations, and international interdisciplinary expert perspectives and contrasts of salivary gland endoscopy and transoral techniques in the diagnosis and management of salivary gland calculi and their adaptation in North America. The transition from transcervical approaches to strictly sialendoscopic approaches is a broad chasm and often not feasible. Sialendoscopy, sialendoscopy-assisted, intraoral, and transcervical approaches all have surgical value. Diagnostic sialendoscopy, interventional sialendoscopy, sialendoscopy-assisted, and transoral techniques have been a major step forward, not only in providing an accurate means of diagnosing and locating intraductal obstructions, but also in permitting minimally invasive surgical treatment that can successfully manage blockages precluding sialoadenectomy in most cases. A flexible methodology is required. Multiple or combined measured may prove effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1306-1311
Number of pages6
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Calculi
  • parotid gland
  • sialendoscopy
  • submandibular gland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


Dive into the research topics of 'Minimally invasive options for salivary calculi'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this