Misallocation of talent and human capital: Political economy analysis

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Abstract

Mismatches in the labor market, specifically because of underrepresentation of various population groups, carry significant economic cost. In this paper we argue, using a simple analytical model that an additional cost component is related to the effect of such underrepresentation on incentives to invest in human capital, which results in a mutual feedback relationship between the labor market and the skill acquisition market and may lead to economy's divergence. Further, it is shown that an initially advantaged group may have an incentive to minimize the bias against the disadvantaged group, and that political enfranchisement is the means to achieve a commitment to such a policy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-157
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Economic Review
Volume118
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Group bias
  • Human capital
  • Political enfranchisement
  • Talent mismatch

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