Mitochondrial function parameters as a tool for tailored drug treatment of an individual with psychosis: a proof of concept study

Tamara Bar-Yosef, Wessal Hussein, Ofer Yitzhaki, Odeya Damri, Limor Givon, Carmit Marom, Vlada Gurman, Joseph Levine, Yuly Bersudsky, Galila Agam, Dorit Ben-Shachar

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5 Scopus citations


Pharmacological treatment of mental disorders is currently decided based on "trial and error" strategy. Mitochondrial multifaceted dysfunction is assumed to be a major factor in the pathophysiology and treatment of schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD). This study aimed to explore the feasibility of using a profile of mitochondrial function parameters as a tool to predict the optimal drug for an individual patient (personalized medicine). Healthy controls (n = 40), SZ (n = 48) and BD (n = 27) patients were recruited. Mental and global state of the subjects, six mitochondrial respiration parameters and 14 mitochondrial function-related proteins were assessed in fresh lymphocytes following in-vitro or in-vivo treatment with five antipsychotic drugs and two mood-stabilizers. In healthy controls, hierarchal clustering shows a drug-specific effect profile on the different mitochondrial parameters following in-vitro exposure. Similar changes were observed in untreated SZ and BD patients with psychosis. Following a month of treatment of the latter patients, only responders showed a significant correlation between drug-induced in-vitro effect (prior to in-vivo treatment) and short-term in-vivo treatment effect for 45% of the parameters. Long- but not short-term psychotropic treatment normalized mitochondria-related parameters in patients with psychosis. Taken together, these data substantiate mitochondria as a target for psychotropic drugs and provide a proof of concept for selective mitochondrial function-related parameters as a predictive tool for an optimized psychotropic treatment in a given patient. This, however, needs to be repeated with an expanded sample size and additional mitochondria related parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12258
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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