Modeling of gas adsorption by aerosol plumes emitted from industrial sources

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adsorption of trace atmospheric gases by aerosol particles contributes to the evolution of concentration distribution of the trace constituents and can affect subsequent chemical reactions in the atmosphere. We suggest a two dimensional model of adsorption of trace atmospheric constituents by aerosol particles in air pollution plume emitted from an industrial source. The model is based on an application of theory of turbulent diffusion in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) in conjunction with plume dispersion model and model of gas adsorption by porous solid particles. The wind velocity profiles used in the simulations were fitted from our data previously obtained in field measurements conducted in the Northern Negev (Israel) using the experimental wind mast. The developed model allows analyzing spatial and temporal evolution of adsorbate concentration in the gaseous phase as well as in the particulate matter. The adsorbate concentration distributions are calculated for the particulate matter PM2.5–10, which is typical for industrial emissions. Analysis is performed for different meteorological conditions and atmospheric stability classes. It is shown that the concentration of gases adsorbed by aerosol plume strongly depends on the level of atmospheric turbulence. The obtained results are compared with the available experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-387
Number of pages13
JournalProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume111
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Aerosol particles
  • Air pollutants
  • Gas adsorption
  • Mass transfer
  • PM
  • Turbulent diffusion
  • Wind velocity measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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