Modification of Graphite Sheet Anode with Iron (II, III) Oxide-Carbon Dots for Enhancing the Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell

Babita Tripathi, Soumya Pandit, Aparna Sharma, Sunil Chauhan, Abhilasha Singh Mathuriya, Pritam Kumar Dikshit, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Ram Chandra Singh, Mohit Sahni, Kumud Pant, Satyendra Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The present study explores the use of carbon dots coated with Iron (II, III) oxide (Fe3O4) for its application as an anode in microbial fuel cells (MFC). Fe3O4@PSA-C was synthesized using a hydrothermal-assisted probe sonication method. Nanoparticles were characterized with XRD, SEM, FTIR, and RAMAN Spectroscopy. Different concentrations of Fe3O4- carbon dots (0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1 mg/cm2) were coated onto the graphite sheets (Fe3O4@PSA-C), and their performance in MFC was evaluated. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) of Fe3O4@PSA-C (1 mg/cm2) modified anode indicated oxidation peaks at −0.26 mV and +0.16 mV, respectively, with peak currents of 7.7 mA and 8.1 mA. The fluxes of these anodes were much higher than those of other low-concentration Fe3O4@PSA-C modified anodes and the bare graphite sheet anode. The maximum power density (Pmax) was observed in MFC with a 1 mg/cm2 concentration of Fe3O4@PSA-C was 440.01 mW/m2, 1.54 times higher than MFCs using bare graphite sheet anode (285.01 mW/m2). The elevated interaction area of carbon dots permits pervasive Fe3O4 crystallization providing enhanced cell attachment capability of the anode, boosting the biocompatibility of Fe3O4@PSA-C. This significantly improved the performance of the MFC, making Fe3O4@PSA-C modified graphite sheets a good choice as an anode for its application in MFC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1040
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • bioanode
  • biocompatibility
  • carbon dots
  • hydrothermal assisted probe sonication
  • internal resistance
  • iron (ii, iii) oxide
  • microbial fuel cell
  • power density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Environmental Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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