Modular TiO2-Squaraine Dyes/Electrolyte Interface for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells with Cobalt Electrolyte

Ambarish Kumar Singh, Vediappan Sudhakar, Bharathkumar H. Javaregowda, Rajesh Bisht, Kothandam Krishnamoorthy, Jayaraj Nithyanandhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Strategies to diminish both charge recombination and aggregation of dyes on the photoanode by functionalizing the sensitizer with alkyl groups is the best approach to achieve high dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) efficiency. Development of such a photoanode with NIR-active dyes which is compatible with a cobalt electrolyte is important to enhance the photovoltaic performance. In this report, alkyl-group-wrapped donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) based unsymmetrical squaraine dyes have been used for DSSC device characterization with a cobalt electrolyte. Surface passivation of photoanode was varied systematically by the extent of functionalization with alkyl groups to avoid charge recombination. DSSC device performance of 5.92 % was achieved for an alkyl-group-wrapped squaraine dye with a cobalt electrolyte. Hence, appending the alkyl groups on the donor unit of squaraine dyes helps passivating the photoanode, whereas introducing hydrophilic groups provides a leaky surface where oxidized electrolyte species reach the titanium-metal-oxide surface which promotes the charge recombination process.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202200171
JournalChemPhotoChem
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DSSC device efficiency
  • counter-electrode
  • dye-sensitized solar cells
  • electrolytes
  • unsymmetrical squaraine dye

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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