Modulating Interfacial Energy Dissipation via Potential-Controlled Ion Trapping

Ran Tivony, Yu Zhang, Jacob Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

As a metal (gold) surface at a given, but variable potential slides past a dielectric (mica) surface at a fixed charge, across aqueous salt solutions, two distinct dissipation regimes may be identified. In regime I, when the gold potential is such that counterions are expelled from between the surfaces, which then come to adhesive contact, the frictional dissipation is high, with coefficient of friction μ ≈ 0.8-0.9. In regime II, when hydrated counterions are trapped between the compressed surfaces, hydration lubrication is active and friction is much lower, μ = 0.05 ± 0.03. Moreover, the dissipation regime as the surfaces contact is largely retained even when the metal potential changes to the other regime, attributed to the slow kinetics of counterion expulsion from or penetration into the subnanometer intersurface gap. Our results indicate how frictional dissipation between such a conducting/nonconducting couple may be modulated by the potential applied to the metal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3616-3622
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume125
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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