Molecular dynamics investigation of an antibody binding site by the fluorescence-photochrome method

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A combined fluorescence-photochrome approach was used for investigation of the molecular dynamics antiDNP antibody binding site and its cavity. A 4-(N-2,4-dinitrophenylamino)-4′-(N,N′-dimethylamino)stilbene (StDNP) fluorescence DNP analog was incorporated into the antibody binding site. This was followed by measurements of fluorescence and photochrome parameters such as the StDNP excitation and emission spectra, fluorescence lifetime, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence polarization, kinetics of trans-cis and cis-trans photoisomerization, and fluorescence quenching by nitroxide radicals freely diffused in solution. In parallel, computational modeling studies on the location and dynamics of DNP/TEMPO spin-label (NslDNP) and StDNP guests within a model of the binding site were performed. When all the experimental evidence is considered (including data from the antibody X-ray study), one can conclude that wobbling of the Trp 91 L/Trp 96 H binding-site·bound-hapten moiety (StDNP), can be responsible for the label's nanosecond dynamics monitored by fluorescence polarization techniques. A similar conclusion may be reached as a result of data analysis on NslDNP mobility within the antibody binding site. The mobility of Trp 91 L and Trp 96 H moieties provides the induced fit needed for effective stacking and release of the DNP epitope. Analysis of the above-mentioned data allows one to explore the mechanism of the probe's movement within the binding site and enables one to discuss the local dynamics of the binding site region. The combined fluorescence-photochrome approach can be used for investigation of local medium molecular dynamics in the immediate vicinity of specific sites of proteins and nucleic acids, as well as for other biologically important structures and synthetic analogues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-156
Number of pages18
JournalBiophysical Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 21 Jan 2003


  • 2,4-Dinitrophenyl
  • Antibody
  • Binding-site
  • Fluorescence-photochrome
  • Molecular probes
  • Molecular-dynamics


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