Despite the need for molecularly smooth self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on silicon dioxide surfaces (the most common dielectric surface), current techniques are limited to nonideal silane grafting. Here, we show unique bioinspired zwitterionic molecules forming a molecularly smooth and uniformly thin SAM in "water" in <1 min on various dielectric surfaces, which enables a dip-coating process that is essential for organic electronics to become reality. This monomolecular layer leads to high mobility of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) based on various organic semiconductors and source/drain electrodes. A combination of experimental and computational techniques confirms strong adsorption (Wad > 20 mJ m-2), uniform thickness (0.5 or 1 nm) and orientation (all catechol head groups facing the oxide surface) of the "monomolecular" layers. This robust (strong adsorption), rapid, and green SAM represents a promising advancement toward the next generation of nanofabrication compared to the current nonuniform and inconsistent polysiloxane-based SAM involving toxic chemicals, long processing time (>10 h), or heat (>80 °C).
- bioinspired self-assembled monolayer
- organic field-effect transistor
- zwitterionic molecules