Monte carlo simulations of ed-xrf spectra as an authentication tool for nuragic bronzes

Carlo Nocco, Antonio Brunetti, Sergio Augusto Barcellos Lins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The high artistic and cultural relevance of particular objects, in this case from the Nuragic civilization, have stimulated the growth of a forgery industry, replicating small bronze boats (navicelle), statues (bronzetti), and other objects. It is often the case where the forgeries are of such quality that it becomes difficult to distinguish them from authentic artifacts without a proper chemical analysis. In this research, a Monte Carlo simulation algorithm for X-ray interactions with matter is used to obtain the chemical composition from the bulk of each object from a set of five. The method employed has the advantage of being completely nondestructive and relatively fast. The objects’ chemical composition and morphology were compared with the data available from authentic artifacts so their authenticity could be inferred. Four of the five objects are likely to be authentic, where two of them could be associated with a Sardinian origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1912-1919
Number of pages8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Authentication
  • Bronzes
  • Monte Carlo simulations
  • Nuragic
  • X-ray fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Conservation
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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