Monte Carlo simulations of the LiHoxY1-xF4 diluted dipolar magnet

Juan Carlos Andresen, Moshe Schechter, Helmut G. Katzgraber

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Recent intriguing experimental results on LiHoxY1-xF4, a diluted dipolar magnet, along with new analytical insights, suggest that neither a mean-field treatment nor simulations using simplified versions of the underlying Hamiltonian adequately describe these materials. Not only does this imply that novel disordering mechanism might be present, it requires a detailed numerical analysis that incorporates all terms in the Hamiltonian. We present large-scale Monte Carlo simulations of the diluted dipolar magnet with competing interactions on a LiHo lattice with the inclusion of a random field term. For low concentrations of Ho atoms we reproduce the peculiar linear dependence of the transition temperature as a function of the random-field strength found in recent experimental results by Silevich et al. [Nature 448, 567 (2007)]. We then find a zero-temperature phase transition between the ferromagnetic and quasi-spin-glass phases, suggesting that it is the underlying spin-glass phase that dictates the above linear dependence of Tc on the random field. For large concentrations we recover the quadratic dependence of the critical temperature as a function of the random field strength.
Original languageEnglish GB
JournalAmerican Physical Society, APS March Meeting 2012, February 27-March 2, 2012
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2012


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