Mortality and function after hip fractures in different ethnic populations in Israel

Dror Lakstein, Ornit Cohen, Efrat Daglan, Yaron Haimovich, Zachary Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Mortality and decrease in function after hip fracture are significantly related to patient factors including age, gender, co-morbidities, and mental status. Several studies demonstrated ethnic disparities in incidence, mortality, and functional outcome after hip fractures in the United States. Objectives: To assess the relationship between ethnicity and hip fracture incidence and outcomes of mortality, functional change, and perioperative complications in the Israeli population. Methods: We reviewed our institutional hip fracture registry for all patients from 2014–2015. Patients with incomplete data, < 60 years of age, or pathologic and periprosthetic fractures were excluded. Our study comprised 693 patients. Ethnicity was based on country of birth. Specifically, for those born in Israel, the nationality of either Jewish or Arab was further dichotomized. Perioperative complications, mortality, and mobility status at 1 year follow-up were recorded. The ethnicities of 27,130 patients admitted to the medicine and surgical wards during the same time interval served as a control group for the hip fracture cohort. Results: Immigrants from Europe and America had the highest incidence of hip fractures. Fracture types varied in incidence in groups with 70% of extracapsular hip fractures occurring in Arabs and immigrants from Eastern countries, compared to 60% in immigrants from Western countries and the former Soviet Union. Mortality, perioperative complications, and mobility at 1 year were similar in all ethnic groups. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated significant differences in incidence and fracture characteristic among ethnicities, but no difference in patient outcome. These findings differed from the available North American studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-556
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume20
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • Functional outcome
  • Hip fracture
  • Israel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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