Motivation patterns, self-esteem, and depression of patients after first myocardial infarction

Zohar Nir, Lily Neumann, Zohar Nir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This study explored the relationship between dominance-achievement motivation and psychological adjustment of 53 patients after their first myocardial infarction. These two motivations are perceived as expressions of general tendency to “agency, ” or assertiveness. The following findings were observed: (1) High-agency subjects reported less depressive moods than low-agency subjects; there was no time effect on this difference between groups nor within each group separately. (2) The self-esteem of high-agency patients was high and stable, whereas that of low-agency subjects was lower and got lower with time. It may be concluded that patients with a high-agency level might be more efficiently equipped to cope with stressful events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1990


  • Achievement
  • Agency
  • Depression
  • Dominance
  • Motivation
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Self-esteem


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