This study explored the relationship between dominance-achievement motivation and psychological adjustment of 53 patients after their first myocardial infarction. These two motivations are perceived as expressions of general tendency to “agency, ” or assertiveness. The following findings were observed: (1) High-agency subjects reported less depressive moods than low-agency subjects; there was no time effect on this difference between groups nor within each group separately. (2) The self-esteem of high-agency patients was high and stable, whereas that of low-agency subjects was lower and got lower with time. It may be concluded that patients with a high-agency level might be more efficiently equipped to cope with stressful events.
- Myocardial infarction