Motor functions of higher education students with dysgraphia

Miri Tal-Saban, Naomi Weintraub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This study examines the motor skills and motor-related daily functions of higher education students with and without dysgraphia, and their contribution in predicting handwriting performance. The sample included 82 higher education students aged 20–35 years old. Thirty-four were students without any known developmental disorder (NDD) and 48 students had dysgraphia. We individually administered a test battery evaluating handwriting performance, fine-motor skills, and visual-motor spatial-organization skills. Students also filled out a questionnaire relating to their fine- and gross-motor-related daily functions. Overall, the NDD students had significantly better motor skills and motor-related daily functions. Additionally, the motor skills and daily functions explained 62.9% of the variance in handwriting performance, and they correctly classified 90% of the students into the handwriting performance groups. Yet only visual-motor spatial organization and fine-motor-related daily functions significantly contributed to the fit of the model. These findings suggest that students with dysgraphia continue to encounter handwriting difficulties in higher education. These difficulties are linked to poor motor skills and motor-related daily functions. Therefore, higher education students with dysgraphia may require assistance and accommodations throughout their studies, not only with regard to their academic performance, but also in their motor-related daily functions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103479
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Daily functions
  • Dysgraphia
  • Fine-motor skills
  • Handwriting
  • Higher education
  • Spatial organization
  • Visual-motor integration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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