MTHFR C677T polymorphism affects normotensive diastolic blood pressure independently of blood lipids

Eliyahu M. Heifetz, Ruth Z. Birk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism was found to be associated with hypertension. High blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, gestational hypertension, and high-risk pregnancy. BP is a complex trait strongly associated with blood lipid parameters. However, studies of the effect of MTHFR C677T polymorphism on BP levels independently of blood lipids are scarce. Our objective was to analyze and quantify the effect of MTHFR C677T polymorphism on normotensive BP independently of blood lipids. methods MTHFR C677T genotyping was done for 151 Israeli women attending the genetics clinic at Soroka Medical Center. Biochemical (blood lipids) and BP data were extracted from Soroka Medical Center records. BP was regarded as a continuous parameter using analysis of covariance and post hoc Tukey's HSD (honestly significant difference) analysis. results The frequencies of genotypes CC, TT, and CT were 41%, 12%, and 47%, respectively. A significant (P < 0.0001) association was found between genotype and diastolic BP (DBP) when adjusted to body mass index and age. Mean DBP was significantly lower for CC than for TT genotypes (71.2 vs. 78.7 mm Hg); however the difference between the heterozygotes (73.9 mm Hg) and the other 2 genotypes was not significant. Cholesterol, LDLcalc (LDLcalculaed), and homocysteine blood levels significantly contributed to the effect of MTHFR C677T polymorphism on the DBP trait. There was also significant association between genotype and folic acid levels. conclusions MTHFR C677T polymorphism significantly affects DBP in Israeli women, independently of blood lipids. Each C to T substitution is associated with a mean 3.4-mm Hg increase in DBP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-392
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Blood pressure
  • Diastolic
  • Hypertension
  • Polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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