Multi-scale characterization of thermoresponsive dendritic elastin-like peptides

Mingjun Zhou, Yulia Shmidov, John B. Matson, Ronit Bitton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elastin like peptides (ELPs)—polypeptides based on the protein elastin—are used widely as thermoresponsive components in biomaterials due to the presence of a sharp soluble-to‐insoluble phase change at a characteristic transition temperature (Tt). While linear ELPs have been thoroughly studied, few investigations into branched ELPs have been carried out. Using lysine amino acids as branching and terminal units with 1–3 pentameric repeats between each branch, ELP dendrimers were prepared by solid-phase peptide synthesis with molecular weights as high as 14 kDa. A conformation change from random coil to β-turn upon heating through the Tt, typical of ELPs, was observed by circular dichroism spectroscopy for all peptides. The high molecular weights of these peptides enabled the use of characterization techniques typically reserved for polymers. Variable-temperature small-angle X-ray scattering measurements in dilute solution revealed an increase in size and fractal dimension upon heating, even well below the Tt. These results were corroborated by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, which confirmed the presence of aggregates below the Tt, and micro differential scanning calorimetry, which showed a broad endothermic peak below the Tt. These results collectively indicate the presence of a pre-coacervation step in the phase transition of ELP dendrimers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Volume153
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • Coacervation
  • Cryo-TEM
  • Dendrimer
  • LCST
  • SAXS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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