Scalp recording of electrical events allows the evaluation of human cerebral function, but contributions of the. specific brain structures generating the recorded activity are ambiguous. This problem is ill-posed and cannot be solved without physiological constraints based on the spatio-temporal characteristics of the generators' activity. In our model-based analysis of evoked potentials for the purpose of generator activity detection, multichannel scalp-recorded signals are decomposed into a combination of wavelets, each of which can describe the neural mass coherent activity of cell assemblies. Elimination of contributions of specific generators and/or distributed background activity can produce physiologically motivated time-frequency filtering. The decomposition and filtering procedures are demonstrated by three examples: simulation of the surface manifestation of known intracranial generators; decomposition and reconstruction of auditory brainstem evoked potentials which reflect the differences among generators of these potentials; and cognitive components of evoked potentials which are diminished in the averaged recording but are clearly detected in single-trial signals.
- Bioelectric inverse problem
- Evoked potential source estimation
- Matching pursuit
- Model-based pattern recognition
- Wavelet-type decomposition