We have experimentally and theoretically investigated multicomponent 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) echo decays in a-Si:H films containing anisotropic nanopores, in which randomly moving hydrogen molecules are entrapped. The experimental results are interpreted within the framework of the previously developed theory, in which a nanoporous material is represented as a set of nanopores containing liquid or gas, and the relaxation rate is determined by the dipole–dipole spin interaction, considering the restricted motion of molecules inside the pores. Previously, such characteristics of a nanostructure as the average volume of pores and their orientation distribution were determined from the angular dependences of the spin–spin and spin–lattice relaxation times. We propose a new approach to the analysis of the NMR signal, the main advantage of which is the possibility of obtaining nanostructure parameters from a single decay of the echo signal. In this case, there is no need to analyze the anisotropy of the relaxation time T2, the determination of which is a rather complicated problem in multicomponent decays. Despite multicomponent signals, the fitting parameter associated with the size and shape of nanopores is determined quite accurately. This made it possible to determine the size and shape of nanopores in a-Si:H films, herewith our estimates are in good agreement with the results obtained by other methods. The fitting of the decays also provides information about the nanostructure of the sample, such as the standard deviations of the angular distribution of pores and the polar and azimuthal angles of the average direction of the pore axes relative to the sample axis, with reasonable accuracy. The approach makes it possible to quantitatively determine the parameters of the non-spherical nanoporous structure from NMR data in a non-destructive manner.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics