Multifunctional brownmillerite KBiFe2O5: Structural, magneto-dielectric, optical, photoelectrochemical studies and enhanced photocatalytic activity over perovskite BiFeO3

Durga Sankar Vavilapalli, Ambrose A. Melvin, S. Kavita, A. K. Yadav, S. N. Jha, D. Bhattacharyya, Saurav Ch Sarma, Sebastian C. Peter, M. S. Ramachandra Rao, Shubra Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brownmillerite KBiFe2O5 (KBFO) absorbs large part of the solar spectrum due to its smaller bandgap. This optical response has immense potential in photocatalytic applications. In this work, KBFO was successfully synthesized using citrate combustion method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) as well as Mössbauer spectroscopic studies, identify the valence state of Iron (Fe) as Fe3+. The strong magneto-dielectric coupling in KBFO was demonstrated by integrating both magnetization (M) and dielectric constant (ε) characteristics as a function of temperature. Magnetic and dielectric transitions were observed in close proximity in temperature range ∼780 K–760 K respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the photoelectrochemical properties of as developed KBFO were analyzed for the first time revealing a significant photoresponse with an average photocurrent density of 0.1 μA cm−2. The photocatalytic properties of KBFO were investigated by degrading organic effluent methylene blue (MB) under direct sunlight followed by a comparison with the photodegradation performance of perovskite BiFeO3 (BFO). KBFO showed enhanced photocatalytic performance as compared to BFO due to its enhanced structural and optical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109940
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume200
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Brownmillerite
  • Magneto-dielectric
  • Perovskite
  • Photocatalysis
  • Photoelectrochemical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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