Multiple Nutritional Deficiencies in Infants From a Strict Vegetarian Community

Ehud Zmora, Rafael Gorodischer, Jacob Bar-Ziv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Severe nutritional deficiencies developed in four infants from a new vegan religious community. They had received breast milk until the age of 3 months; thereafter, breast milk was supplemented with or replaced by extremely low caloricdensity preparations. All of the infants had profound protein-caloric malnutrition, severe rickets, osteoporosis, and vitamin B12 and other deficiencies. One infant died, while the three others had an uneventful recovery. After discharge of the infants from the hospital, the community responded well to a modification of the infants' diet, which did not violate their vegetarian philosophy. However, they refused to give their infants vitamin B12 on a regular basis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1979
Externally publishedYes


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