Multiplexed Genome Editing via an RNA Polymerase II Promoter-Driven sgRNA Array in the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum: Insights Into the Role of StLDP

Yogesh Taparia, Achintya Kumar Dolui, Sammy Boussiba, Inna Khozin-Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing has been demonstrated in the model diatom P. tricornutum, yet the currently available genetic tools do not combine the various advantageous features into a single, easy-to-assemble, modular construct that would allow the multiplexed targeting and creation of marker-free genome-edited lines. In this report, we describe the construction of the first modular two-component transcriptional unit system expressing SpCas9 from a diatom episome, assembled using the Universal Loop plasmid kit for Golden Gate assembly. We compared the editing efficiency of two constructs with orthogonal promoter-terminator combinations targeting the StLDP gene, encoding the major lipid droplet protein of P. tricornutum. Multiplexed targeting of the StLDP gene was confirmed via PCR screening, and lines with homozygous deletions were isolated from primary exconjugants. An editing efficiency ranging from 6.7 to 13.8% was observed in the better performing construct. Selected gene-edited lines displayed growth impairment, altered morphology, and the formation of lipid droplets during nutrient-replete growth. Under nitrogen deprivation, oversized lipid droplets were observed; the recovery of cell proliferation and degradation of lipid droplets were impaired after nitrogen replenishment. The results are consistent with the key role played by StLDP in the regulation of lipid droplet size and lipid homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number784780
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • CRISPR
  • Phaeodactylum tricornutum
  • RNA polymerase II promoter
  • Stramenopile-type lipid droplet protein
  • lipid droplet
  • multiplexed genome editing
  • two-component transcriptional unit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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