Spectral multipole resonances of parallelepiped-, pyramid-, and cone-like shaped silicon nanoparticles excited by linearly polarized light waves are theoretically investigated. The numerical finite element method is applied for the calculations of the scattering cross sections as a function of the nanoparticles geometrical parameters. The roles of multipole moments (up to the third order) in the scattering process are analyzed using the semianalytical multipole decomposition approach. The possibility of scattering pattern configuration due to the tuning of the multipole contributions to the total scattered waves is discussed and demonstrated. It is shown that cubic nanoparticles can provide a strong isotropic side scattering with minimization of the scattering in forward and backward directions. In the case of the pyramidal and conical nanoparticles the total suppression of the side scattering can be obtained. It was found that due to the shape factor of the pyramidal and conical nanoparticles their electric toroidal dipole resonance can be excited in the spectral region of the first electric and magnetic dipole resonances. The influence of the incident light directions on the optical response of the pyramidal and conical nanoparticles is discussed. The obtained results provide important information that can be used for the development of nanoantennas with improved functionality due to the directional scattering effects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics