Mutational Impacts on the N and C Terminal Domains of the MUC5B Protein: A Transcriptomics and Structural Biology Study

Aamir Mehmood, Sadia Nawab, Yifan Jin, Aman Chandra Kaushik, Dong Qing Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) involves various epithelial tumors historically linked with poor prognosis because of its aggressive sickness course, delayed diagnosis, and limited efficacy of typical chemotherapy in its advanced stages. In-depth molecular profiling has exposed a varied scenery of genomic alterations as CCA’s oncogenic drivers. Previous studies have mainly focused on commonly occurring TP53 and KRAS alterations, but there is limited research conducted to explore other vital genes involved in CCA. We retrieved data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) to hunt for additional CCA targets and plotted a mutational landscape, identifying key genes and their frequently expressed variants. Next, we performed a survival analysis for all of the top genes to shortlist the ones with better significance. Among those genes, we observed that MUC5B has the most significant p-value of 0.0061. Finally, we chose two missense mutations at different positions in the vicinity of MUC5B N and C terminal domains. These mutations were further subjected to molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, which revealed noticeable impacts on the protein structure. Our study not only reveals one of the highly mutated genes with enhanced significance in CCA but also gives insights into the influence of its variants. We believe these findings are a good asset for understanding CCA from genomics and structural biology perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3726-3735
JournalACS Omega
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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