Myopic laser in situ keratomileusis retreatment: Incidence and associations

Russell Pokroy, Michael Mimouni, Tzahi Sela, Gur Munzer, Igor Kaiserman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Purpose To determine the factors associated with retreatment after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopic eyes in the modern LASIK era. Setting Care-Vision Laser Centers, Tel-Aviv, Israel. Design Retrospective cohort study. Methods All cases of myopic LASIK performed between January 2005 and December 2012 were analyzed according to whether they had retreatment refractive surgery. Result The study evaluated 9177 right eyes in 9177 consecutive LASIK cases. The mean preoperative subjective spherical equivalent and astigmatism were −3.30 diopters (D) ± 1.53 (SD) (range −0.50 to −12.00 D) and 0.69 ± 0.94 D (range 0.00 to 6.00 D), respectively. Of the eyes, 165 (1.80%) had at least 1 retreatment. Over the course of the study, the 2-year retreatment rate decreased from 2.58% to 0.38% (P < .001). Multiple binary logistic regression analysis showed that older age (odds ratio [OR], 1.03; P = .007), higher astigmatism (OR, 1.23; P = .008), sphere (OR, 1.15; P = .026), and mean keratometric power (OR, 1.13; P = .036) significantly increased the odds for retreatment. A larger optical zone ablation (7.0 mm) significantly decreased the odds for retreatment (OR, 0.10; P = .022). Significant cutoffs associated with retreatments were age greater than 50 years, astigmatism more than 1.5 D, and sphere more than 2.0 D. Conclusions Older age and higher preoperative astigmatism, sphere, and corneal steepness were associated with myopic LASIK retreatment. Larger optical ablation zones might decrease retreatment rates. Financial Disclosure None of the authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1408-1414
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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