N-Linked glycosylation in archaea: A structural, functional, and genetic analysis

Ken F. Jarrell, Yan Ding, Benjamin H. Meyer, Sonja Verena Albers, Lina Kaminski, Jerry Eichler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

132 Scopus citations

Abstract

N-glycosylation of proteins is one of the most prevalent posttranslational modifications in nature. Accordingly, a pathway with shared commonalities is found in all three domains of life. While excellent model systems have been developed for studying N-glycosylation in both Eukarya and Bacteria, an understanding of this process in Archaea was hampered until recently by a lack of effective molecular tools. However, within the last decade, impressive advances in the study of the archaeal version of this important pathway have been made for halophiles, methanogens, and thermoacidophiles, combining glycan structural information obtained by mass spectrometry with bioinformatic, genetic, biochemical, and enzymatic data. These studies reveal both features shared with the eukaryal and bacterial domains and novel archaeon- specific aspects. Unique features of N-glycosylation in Archaea include the presence of unusual dolichol lipid carriers, the use of a variety of linking sugars that connect the glycan to proteins, the presence of novel sugars as glycan constituents, the presence of two very different N-linked glycans attached to the same protein, and the ability to vary the N-glycan composition under different growth conditions. These advances are the focus of this review, with an emphasis on N-glycosylation pathways in Haloferax, Methanococcus, and Sulfolobus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-341
Number of pages38
JournalMicrobiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

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