Small tight trapping and guiding potentials can be created for neutral atoms moving microns above surfaces patterned with nanofabricated charged and current-carrying structures. Surfaces holding such structures form atom chips which, for coherent matter wave optics, may form the basis for a variety of novel applications and research tools, similar to integrated circuits in electronics. In this paper we describe the basic principles of atom chip experiments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics