Nanoparticles-mediated brain imaging and disease prognosis by conventional as well as modern modal imaging techniques: A comparison

Cheng Tang Pan, Wei Hsi Chang, Ajay Kumar, Satya P. Singh, Aman Chandra Kaushik, Jyotsna Sharma, Zheng Jing Long, Zhi Hong Wen, Sunil Kumar Mishra, Chung Kun Yen, Ravi Kumar Chaudhary, Yow Ling Shiue

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Multimodal imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis of brain disorders. Neurological disorders need to be diagnosed at an early stage for their effective treatment as later, it is very difficult to treat them. If possible, diagnosing at an early stage can be much helpful in curing the disease with less harm to the body. There is a need for advanced and multimodal imaging techniques for the same. This paper provides an overview of conventional as well as modern imaging techniques for brain diseases, specifically for tumor imaging. In this paper, different imaging modalities are discussed for tumor detection in the brain along with their advantages and disadvantages. Conjugation of two and more than two modalities provides more accurate information rather than a single modality. They can monitor and differentiate the cellular processes of normal and diseased condition with more clarity. The advent of molecular imaging, including reporter gene imaging, has opened the door of more advanced noninvasive detection of brain tumors. Due to specific optical properties, semiconducting polymer-based nanoparticles also play a pivotal role in imaging tumors. Objective: The objective of this paper is to review nanoparticles-mediated brain imaging and disease prognosis by conventional as well as modern modal imaging techniques. Conclusion: We reviewed in detail various medical imaging techniques. This paper covers recent developments in detail and elaborates a possible research aspect for the readers in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2637-2649
Number of pages13
JournalCurrent Pharmaceutical Design
Volume25
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Modalities
  • Multimodal imaging
  • Nanoparticles
  • Reporter gene imaging
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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