Near and Far Transfer Effects of Computerized Progressive Attention Training (CPAT) Versus Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Practice Among Adults With ADHD

Pnina Stern, Tamar Kolodny, Shlomit Tsafrir, Galit Cohen, Lilach Shalev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The present study evaluated the near (attention) and far (reading, ADHD symptoms, learning, and quality of life) transfer effects of a Computerized Progressive Attention Training (CPAT) versus Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) practice among adults with ADHD compared to a passive group. Method: Fifty-four adults participated in a non-fully randomized controlled trial. Participants in the intervention groups completed eight 2-hr weekly training sessions. Outcomes were assessed before, immediately after, and 4 months post-intervention, using objective tools: attention tests, eye-tracker, and subjective questionnaires. Results: Both interventions showed near-transfer to various attention functions. The CPAT produced far-transfer effects to reading, ADHD symptoms, and learning while the MBSR improved the self-perceived quality of life. At follow-up, all improvements except for ADHD symptoms were preserved in the CPAT group. The MBSR group showed mixed preservations. Conclusion: Both interventions have beneficial effects, however only the CPAT group exhibited improvements compared to the passive group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-776
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • MBSR
  • cognitive training
  • mindfulness
  • mindless reading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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