Forty cases of total or near-total intestinal aganglionosis (NTIA) were described to date in the English literature. Most cases had a lethal outcome. We describe the 41st case - a Beduin male neonate - who had only 30 cm of proximal hypoganglionic jejunum. He is presently almost one-year-old and thriving on home TPN, receiving one quarter of his caloric requirements orally using pregestamil, an MCT formula. The initial intricate course, diagnosis and several operative procedures, are elaborated. A review of the scant literature is discussed. The elusiveness of the correct diagnosis is pointed out and means to overcome these errors are described. various surgical procedures have been suggested, none of which offer the perfect solution to the severe basic problem of short bowel. Long-term parenteral hyperalimentation is still the main modality of treatment. Based on our modest experience, we suggest saving every possible length of jejunum, even if hypoganglionic, since this bowel, following a few weeks of adaptation, starts to function fairly well, suggesting perhaps some neuro-muscular maturation. The best surgical approach is still pending. We present a report of a child with this disease and discuss the therapeutic dilemma.
- Near-total intestinal aganglionosis
- Small-bowel syndrome
- Surgical techniques
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health