Neighbourhood context and abuse among immigrant and non-immigrant women in Canada: Findings from the Maternity Experiences Survey

Nihaya Daoud, Patricia O'Campo, Marcelo L. Urquia, Maureen Heaman

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    17 Scopus citations


    Objectives: To examine the relationship between neighbourhood deprivation and concentration of immigrants, and abuse among immigrant women versus non-immigrant women. Methods: Using data from the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey (un-weighted sample N = 5,679 and weighted sample N = 68,719) linked to the neighbourhoods Census data, we performed contextual analysis to compare abuse prevalence among: immigrants ≤5 years, immigrants >5 years and Canadian-born. We identified two level effect modifiers: living in high (≤15 % of households at or below low-income cut-off- [LICO]) versus low-income (>15 % below LICO) neighbourhoods and living in high (≥25 %) versus low immigrant (<25 %) neighbourhoods. Individual socioeconomic position (SEP), family variables and neighbourhood SEP or percentage of immigrants were considered in different logistic regression models. Results: Immigrant women were less likely to experience abuse even upon adjustment for individual SEP, family variables and neighbourhood characteristics. The protective effect of the neighborhood was stronger among immigrant women living in low-income and high immigrant neighborhoods, irrespective of length of stay in Canada. Conclusion: Policies and interventions to reduce abuse among immigrant women need to consider neighbourhood's SEP and concentration of immigrants.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)679-689
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012


    • Abuse against women
    • Abuse during pregnancy
    • Canada
    • Immigrant women
    • Neighbourhood immigrant concentration
    • Neighbourhood socioeconomic position
    • Violence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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