Network analysis of microRNAs, genes and their regulation in diffuse and follicular B-cell lymphomas

Oshrat Hershkovitz-Rokah, Polina Geva, Mali Salmon-Divon, Ofer Shpilberg, Stella Liberman-Aronov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRs) are short non-coding regulatory RNAs that control gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play an important role in cancer development and progression, acting either as oncogenes or as tumor suppressors. Identification of aberrantly expressed miRs in patients with hematological malignancies as compared to healthy individuals has suggested that these molecules may serve as novel clinical diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. We conducted a systematic literature review of articles published between 2007 and 2017 and re-analyzed experimentally-validated human miR expression signatures in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) from various biological sources (tumor tissue, peripheral blood, bone marrow and cell lines). A unique miR expression pattern was observed for each disease. Compared to healthy individuals, 61 miRs were aberrantly expressed in DLBCL and 85 in FL; 20-30% of aberrantly expressed miRs overlapped between the two lymphoma subtypes. Analysis of integrative positive and negative miRNA-mRNA relationships using the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) system revealed 970 miR-mRNA pairs for DLBCL and 90 for FL. Through gene ontology analysis, we found potential regulatory pathways that are deregulated in DLBCL and FL due to improper expression of miR target genes. By comparing the expression level of the aberrantly expressed miRs in DLBCL to their expression levels in other malignancies, we identified seven miRs that are aberrantly expressed in DLBCL tumor tissues (miR-15a, miR-16, miR-17, miR-106, miR-21, miR-155 and miR-34a-5p). This specific expression pattern may be a potential diagnostic tool for DLBCL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7928-7941
Number of pages14
JournalOncotarget
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B cell lymphoma
  • DLBCL
  • FL
  • MiRNA-mRNA pairing
  • miRNA signature

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