Network-Synchronization Analysis Reveals the Weakening Tropical Circulations

Zijin Geng, Yongwen Zhang, Bo Lu, Jingfang Fan, Ziming Zhao, Xiaosong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impact of climate change on extreme weather is one of the most concerning problems. Climate change could cause more frequent and unexpected extreme weather. Still, synchronization features of extreme weather under climate change are not fully understood. Here, we develop a climate network approach to study global synchronization patterns of extreme events based on the 500-hPa geopotential field. We find that a positive event synchronization (PES) network is associated with the tropical circulations in the tropics; a negative event synchronization network is associated with the large-scale atmospheric Rossby waves in mid-latitudes. By studying temporal evolution of the PES network, we find that the synchronization strengths in the tropics are weakening under climate change in relation to the slowing down of tropical circulations. Furthermore, our results show that the strength of synchronization in Africa and the Atlantic Ocean decrease faster than other regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021GL093582
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • extreme geopotential field
  • network
  • synchronization
  • tropical circulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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