New constraints on the18F(p,α)15O rate in novae from the (d, p) reaction

R. L. Kozub, D. W. Bardayan, J. C. Batchelder, J. C. Blackmon, C. R. Brune, A. E. Champagne, J. A. Cizewski, T. Davinson, U. Greife, C. J. Gross, C. C. Jewett, R. J. Livesay, Z. Ma, B. H. Moazen, C. D. Nesaraja, L. Sahin, J. P. Scott, D. Shapira, M. S. Smith, J. S. ThomasP. J. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The degree to which the (p,γ) and (p,α) reactions destroy 18F at temperatures (1-4) × 108 K is important for understanding the synthesis of nuclei in nova explosions and for using the long-lived radionuclide 18F, a target of γ-ray astronomy, as a diagnostic of nova mechanisms. The reactions are dominated by low-lying proton resonances near the I8F+p threshold (Ex = 6.411 MeV in 19Ne). To gain further information about these resonances, we used a radioactive 18F beam from the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility to selectively populate corresponding mirror states in 19F via the inverse 2H(18F,p)19F neutron transfer reaction. Neutron spectroscopic factors were measured for states in 19F in the excitation energy range 0-9 MeV. Widths for corresponding proton resonances in 19Ne were calculated using a Woods-Saxon potential. The results imply significantly lower I8F(p,γ)19Ne and I8F(p,α)15O reaction rates than reported previously, thereby increasing the prospect of observing the 511 keV annihilation radiation associated with the decay of 18F in the ashes ejected from novae.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032801
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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